Types of Labeling Machines – Which is the Best Machine for your Packaging

Labeling machines are paramount in today’s manufacturing field as they provide accuracy when it comes to cataloging your products. However, their knowledge is crucial for deciding upon the choices of label types.

What is Labeling Machinery?

 

A labeling machine is a device that provides labels on products before they are packaged. These materials enhance the precision of label placement, label adhesion, and uniformity of label appearance and, consequently, make the process efficient.

Labelers are available in an assortment of optimized builds to provide for a variety of labeling applications, including glue-based labeling machines and more.

Classification-Based Automation Technology

Manual Labeling Machine

The labeling of products to be done by the manual labeling machine depends on human intervention in labeling. Generally, the label is set on the product manually, with the operator often doing the job by hand or using a simple mechanism. These are good for small-scale institutions or when the labeling method is now and then.

Besides solving the affordability and flexibility factors, manual labeling equipment contrasts with the automated versions, which are typically slower and less precise.

Here, you have a better level of control over the process of labeling. However, they are more appropriate for cases with a specific variety of applications. Regular maintenance and training of the operators are essential to guaranteeing accurate and high-quality design.

Manual Labelling Machine
Manual Labelling Machine

Semi-automatic Labeling Machines

Semi-automatic labeling machines consist of a process that combines human and machine processes to produce the labeling faster.

Manages the manual products on a conveyor or platform, as the hand labeling is semi-automatic. They are applicable for an introductory application, which ensures the desired level of both speed and control.

With the help of semi-automatic machines, efficiency is significantly higher than that of all manual operations, and machine operators can still double-check or make necessary adjustments.

The prevalence, nevertheless, may require more trained labor hours as compared to fully robotic systems. This kind of maintenance, time being the factor, is crucial for optimum operation as well as zero or even the least possible amount of downtime.

Semi Automatic Labelling Machine
Semi-Automatic Labelling Machine

Automatic Labeling Machine

 

Labeling machines that operate automatically is an example of a system that is operating fully automatically with very little human intervention.

They can run production lines with speed and precision that cannot be matched by humans, perfect for large-scale manufacturing operations.

Automatic labelers are equipped with state-of-the-art sensors, PLC control systems, and servo motors to guarantee precision labeling and repeatability.

Manual labor or semiautomatic tools are significantly more time-consuming, and to keep working nonstop for longer periods, they need to be automatically shut down.

Although the initial outlay and expenditure may be higher, the efficiency and productivity that are achieved pay well for any business. Continuous maintenance and software updates are fundamental elements needed to produce optimal outputs and operate the systems for a long time.

Automatic Labelling Machine
Automatic Labelling Machine

Classification According to the Labeling Function.

Flat Labeling Machine

Flat labeling machines are used mainly to apply labels to the hopefully flat surfaces of some containers, like boxes, cartons, trays, and letters.

This enables a product to meet both precise label location and adherence, which is a necessity for assets such as packaging, and pharmaceuticals.

Their capability, accuracy, and simplicity of operation automate production processes, help increase productivity, and also maintain the uniform quality of your labels.

In and of themselves, multi-purpose machines for printing flat labels are indispensable for compliance with current labeling regulations and standards. Also for improving branding and product identification through labels.

Flat Labelling Machine
Flat Labelling Machine

Side Labeling Machine

The side labeling machines are designed for labeling the sides of the products, including bottles, containers, and packages. Guarantee correct label placement and alignment on either the side or vertex of both cylindrical and rectangular products.

One of the most common kinds of labeling is side labeling, which is found on products ranging from food and beverages to pharmaceuticals and cosmetics.

These systems provide sophisticated labeling technologies that combine fast labeling speed with accuracy and the uniformity of being together. Sideline labeling machines are the hallmark of progress in the 3rd shift to meet labeling instruction standards.

Side Labelling Machine
Side Labelling Machine

Corner Labeling Machine

Corner labeling machines, with their capability to label the corners of items, are especially suitable for squared or rectangular containers that are commonly employed as shopping boxes.

Such machines ensure that the labels are put in very certain positions and the corners stay glued; thus, the brand of the products is made clear and all the information is on display accordingly.

Supported label printing is often seen as useful in industries including packing, electronics, cosmetics, and pharmaceuticals.

These machines are versatile and flexible, maximizing productivity, meeting the increasing needs of the current market, and labeling different container sizes and shapes accurately.

Skid-facilitated photolabelers from the machines simplify production processes, which increase efficiency and boost productivity while allowing adherence to labeling standards and rules.

Corner Labelling Machine
Corner Labelling Machine

Wrap-around Labeling Machine

The wrap-around labeling machines are purpose-designed machines for applying labels to the body surface of all cylindrical products like bottles, jars, and tubes.

Elaborating a brand name and all the necessary ID information on the product is an essential role of these machines. The wrap-around labeling style is observed widely in the food and beverage industry, pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, etc.

These machines boost labeling speed due to their quick fabrication of labels with no reduction in quality or accuracy.

Wrap-around machine labels serve as great marketing tools to create appealing presentations while fulfilling the requirements for labeling. Also meeting regulatory obligations, as well as establishing brand recognition and building customer confidence.

Wrap Around Labelling Machine
Wrap Around Labelling Machine

Classification Based on Label Used

Wet Glue Labeling Machine

The wet glue labeling machine is the best tool for paper labels and is widely used to label many kinds of bottles, such as round bottles, jars, and cans, which may be glass or plastic.

They are the ones that use liquid glue, which comes in a stack, and apply it to rigid bottles. Besides, they are good at being employed in wet settings, which are common in soft drinks and wine filling, which is their important application area.

Wet Glue Labelling Machine
Wet Glue Labelling Machine

Such machines allow for the application of very elaborate labels, complete with complicated shapes and embossing, even on difficult container shapes. When several labels are applied to one container, the number of applicators required for efficient operation is increased as well.

Self-adhesive (pressure-sensitive) Labeling Machine

The self-adhesive (pressure-sensitive) labeling machine applies labels already pre-glued onto release paper or film, so no water is required to initiate the adhesive.

It has changed old ways of applying adhesives, which now rely on wet adhesive, because of its high performance and convenience. This process allows the use of materials other than paper and empty labels can be shaped precisely into complex designs before being cut.

Self Adhesive Labelling Machine
Self-adhesive Labelling Machine

This solution, as such, permits wet printing onto water or heat-sensitive objects such as cotton bags or container walls used during packaging.

When pressure is applied on this adhesive tape, the pressure-sensitive labels can stick to the package it has contact with. On the machines, labels with custom-designed stickers are taken from rolls and placed on the grille of the applicator. The labeler with web-linewidth control sticky labels them on the product by using light or moderate pressure, which activates the adhesive and installs the label.

Hot-Melt Glue Labeling Machine

This labeling machine applies labels on packages using an adhesive compound that solidifies at low temperatures.

The machine has to heat the adhesive compound to allow it to melt before it applies the label to the package. Various factors need to be considered such as product, packaging, and any factor.

Hot Melt Glue Labelling Machine
Hot Melt Glue Labelling Machine

Hot-melt glue is applied on packaging walls and sides, which are tight places of the package. Here still, nozzles contain adhesives that are applied to each container before labeling is done for proper gluing. For precise and effective removal of the label, the package is rotated in the opposite direction of the machine.

Shrink-Sleeve Labeling Machine

The shrink-sleeve labeling machine applies a tube of thermoplastic material, either plain or decorated, over the neck or body of a rigid container.

And then the tag is heated to shrink to the specific spots on the containers, which gives a smooth label and enables a secure system. During the following steps, it was widely applied to contoured containers in soft drinks, cosmetics, etc.

Shrink Sleeve Labelling Machine
Shrink Sleeve Labelling Machine

This process is commonly known as blow molding. Shrink labeling involves two steps: first, the sleeve is slipped over the bottle onto a conveyor belt, and then the sleeved bottle is heated in the heat tunnel to get a taut and wrinkle-free fit of the label. The appropriate length of exposure in the shrink tunnel and the time parameter of the oven are critical for great outcomes.

Classification as to the Direction Running of the Container

Vertical Labeling Machine

The bottles will follow the vertical production line. Otherwise, there can be diverse bottle shapes within this choice, where bottles have a square or rectangular shape or are slightly tapered.

These roof systems can either hold all of the signs or just the relevant ones. A mono-block labeling system with the capability of applying labels to the sides of containers that are stacked one above another along the production line is devised.

Vertical Labelling Machine
Vertical Labelling Machine

Machines of this type are mostly applied to product packages: bottles, jars, cylindrical containers, and tubes.

Furthermore, the vertical labeler affixes labels fast and precisely where they are on the side or front, as lock nut hardware and steadiness are ensured. These can be used for industrial lines that churn out quickly and can accommodate different label sizes and shapes.

Horizontal Labeling Machine

Although the bottles in this sort of machinery are not parallel to the ink tubes, they will be laid on them at an inclined angle.

Unstable round forms of bottles and vials with a round bottom are typical examples of containers that fit the horizontal wrap machines best. Printing labels for the containers that are aligned vertically, operates on the production line with the containers moving along it.

The handling systems usually dedicated to flat or horizontal placement, such as cups, boxes, and cases of containers, are the machines used for this purpose.

Horizontal labeling machines guarantee correct placement and sticking of the label to the container’s top or side. Horizontal labeling machines can perform this kind of task at a highly efficient level and stand behind almost all packaging systems.

Horizontal Labelling Machine
Horizontal Labelling Machine

Classification According to the Running Direction of the Equipment

Inline Labeling Machine

Label placement machines are perfect candidates for the simplest of applications; meanwhile, rotary labelers commence winning in packaging of greater complexity or high speed. Installing inline labelers enables filling up 50 round bottles and up to 80 rectangular bottles.

In-line labeling machines are automatic and are resistant to cases of greater quantities, which, however, may be more expensive. However, they are doing a good job of packaging and labeling without significant labor costs just because of automation features, which will be very useful for industrialists.

Inline Labelling Machine
Inline Labelling Machine

Rotary Labeling Machine

The rotary labeling machine is vibrant enough to handle high-speed labeling operations. It can run at any given moment, just like clockwork. They can be easily embedded into existing lines and offer a remarkable labeling speed of 500 units in one minute.

Primarily spoken by players involved in branches of industrial activity, like wines, beverages, foods, cosmetics, and chemicals.

Rotary labelers are universal and capable of applying labels to products with different shapes, like bottles, glass jars, vessels, cylindrical, square, rectangular, barrel-shaped boxes, and containers of different shapes, like flasks, and custom shapes.

Rotary Labelling Machine
Rotary Labelling Machine

Classification Based on Container Type

Round Container Labeling Machines

Round container labeling machines are dedicated to printing and applying labels to bottles, jars, and cans. These machines assure adherence of the labels to the curved surfaces of the packaging of the containers by the exact placement of labels.

Multipurpose, round labeling machines are very popular among companies serving in a variety of areas, such as the beverage industry, medicine, and cosmetics.

Round Container Labelling Machine
Round Container Labelling Machine

They are manufacturers of efficient circular labeling systems that satisfy the need for consistent branding and information conveying for a variety of round-shaped products.

Flat Surface Labeling Machines

A flat surface machine for labeling purposes is essentially designed for a simple task, which implies labeling flat-sided structures like boxes, cartons, trays, and bags. These machines are designed for precisely placing and sticking labels. The placement should be on a flat surface of the container.

Widely used in logistics, food packaging, and consumer goods, flat-surface labeling machines are the backbone of modern manufacturing processes.

They offer efficient labeling answers for products labeled on flat screens, and customers love that element that conveys uniqueness if they’re well made.

Flat Surface Labelling Machine
Flat Surface Labelling Machine

Irregular Container Labeling Machines

Since irregular container labeling machines must be the equipment that can handle the unusual shapes and sizes of containers, Labeling machines work well to confront the labeling of bottles or jars that are convex, concave, or angled. Uniform labeling equipment is widely utilized by companies in operations related to automotive, electronics, or special packaging.

Irregular Container Labelling Machine
Irregular Container Labelling Machine

They provide customized labels for products that are packaged in containers with unique or non-traditional shapes to enable easy and precise labeling and fixation for proper branding and information presentation.

Conclusion

Labeling is a highly nuanced and involved process that depends on many diverse aspects, including the label type, adhesive, production capacity, and size. These factors heavily rely on the process by which they are applied and the viewpoints that lead to diverse opinions.

More resources:

Pressure Sensitive vs. Self-adhesive Labels – Source: LOM

Manual Labeling Machine – Source: LOM

Semi-automatic Labeling Machine – Source: LOM

Automatic Labeling Machine  -Source: LOM

Label Dispenser – Source: WIKIPEDIA

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